It has recently undergone a process of revitalisation, being declared one of New Zealand's official languages in 1987, and is spoken by 4.0% of the population. ", In 1951 the United Kingdom became increasingly focused on its European interests, while New Zealand joined Australia and the United States in the ANZUS security treaty.
The longest navigable river is the Whanganui, also on the North Island.
Auckland is New Zealand’s most populous city and is a multi-cultural hub of food, music, arts and culture.
Consequently, the country has a young population compared to most industrialised nations, with 20% of New Zealanders being 14 years old or younger.  The Māori loanword Pākehā has been used to refer to New Zealanders of European descent, although some reject this name. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. The service sector dominates the national economy, followed by the industrial sector, and agriculture; international tourism is a significant source of revenue.
The population formed different iwi (tribes) and hapū (subtribes) which would sometimes cooperate, sometimes compete and sometimes fight against each other.
Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Pelorus Jack was a dolphin who guided ships through dangerous and rocky waters around NZ in the early 1900s. According to Statistics New Zealand, the country's estimated population growth is one birth every 8 minutes and 13 seconds, one death every 16 minutes and 33 seconds, and a net migration gain of one New Zealand resident every 25 minutes and 49 seconds. Climate: New Zealand has what is known as a maritime climate, as opposed to the continental climate of larger landmasses. There is no official all-numeric date format for New Zealand, but government recommendations generally follow.
 Conditions vary sharply across regions from extremely wet on the West Coast of the South Island to almost semi-arid in Central Otago and the Mackenzie Basin of inland Canterbury, and subtropical in Northland. Auckland is one of the most affordable cities in the world to live in. 6. Money: The monetary unit is the New Zealand dollar, which is equal to 100 New Zealand cents.  Net migration increased after the Second World War; in the 1970s and 1980s policies were relaxed and immigration from Asia was promoted. , In 1891 the Liberal Party came to power as the first organised political party.
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