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from € 167 | English, German, Spanish, French. "Colosseum". The amphitheatre was ringed by eighty entrances at ground level, 76 of which were used by ordinary spectators.

During the 12th century, the Frangipane and Annibaldi families repurposed the arena to function as their fortress. It has long been one of Rome’s major tourist attractions, receiving close to seven million visitors annually. Some groups were banned altogether from the Colosseum, notably gravediggers, actors and former gladiators. You may just hear the faint cry of the gladiators or roars of the crowds. The site chosen was a flat area on the floor of a low valley between the Caelian, Esquiline and Palatine Hills, through which a canalised stream ran as well as an artificial lake/marsh. The perimeter originally measured 545 meters (1,788 ft / 1,835 Roman feet). The Colosseum’s fourth story was added by the emperor Domitian in 82 CE. The surviving part of the outer wall's monumental façade comprises three stories of superimposed arcades surmounted by a podium on which stands a tall attic, both of which are pierced by windows interspersed at regular intervals. [18] 242 species have been counted today and of the species first identified by Panaroli, 200 remain. [61] Part of the structure was inhabited by a Christian religious order, but it is not known whether this was for any particular religious reason. Corrections? Pope Sixtus V (1585–1590) planned to turn the building into a wool factory to provide employment for Rome's prostitutes, though this proposal fell through with his premature death. They originally supported a retractable awning, known as the velarium, that kept the sun and rain off spectators.

The variation of plants can be explained by the change of climate in Rome through the centuries. Painters, technicians and architects would construct a simulation of a forest with real trees and bushes planted in the arena's floor, and animals would then be introduced. The main structural framework and facade are travertine, the secondary walls are volcanic tufa, and the inner bowl and the arcade vaults are concrete. Located near the Roman Forum, construction began on the Colosseum in AD 72 under the emperor Vespasian. The iconic status of the Colosseum has led it to be featured in numerous films, such as Roman Holiday, Demetrius and the Gladiators, 20 Million Miles to Earth, Way of the Dragon, Gladiator (in which it was re-created via CGI), Megiddo: The Omega Code 2, The Core, The Lizzie McGuire Movie, Jumper, and the animated movie Madagascar 3: Europe's Most Wanted.

Also nearby were the Armamentarium, comprising an armory to store weapons; the Summum Choragium, where machinery was stored; the Sanitarium, which had facilities to treat wounded gladiators; and the Spoliarium, where bodies of dead gladiators were stripped of their armor and disposed of. Sailors, specially enlisted from the Roman naval headquarters at Misenum and housed in the nearby Castra Misenatium, were used to work the velarium. There is evidence for the existence of major hydraulic mechanisms[18] and according to ancient accounts, it was possible to flood the arena rapidly, presumably via a connection to a nearby aqueduct.

"[43] The project also plans to create a services center and to restore the galleries and underground spaces inside the Colosseum. It wasn’t part of the original design as conceived by Vespasian and his son Titus.

To find out the answer and to unravel more stories of the Colosseum, book your tour today! The Colosseum was built as part of an imperial effort to revitalize Rome after the tumultuous year of the four emperors, 69 CE.

Surely one of the most enigmatic monuments ever constructed on Planet Earth, The Colosseum is the finest example of the richness of Roman architecture.

It has been suggested that the reports either have the location wrong, or that the Colosseum originally featured a wide floodable channel down its central axis (which would later have been replaced by the hypogeum).[18]. Aside from its sheer size and permanence, the Colosseum's architecture also boasted several notable engineering features. Supporting masts extended from corbels built into the Colosseum’s top, or attic, story, and hundreds of Roman sailors were required to manipulate the rigging that extended and retracted the velarium.

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