According to a survey study by the International Landslide Centre at Durham University, UK, 2,620 fatal landslides occurred between 2004 and 2010. Soil supports life. The soils on these slopes are under constant pressure. Be it a car or a house, it just moves along with it. In modern days due to deforestation and other effects there is soil erosion and the soil layers are becoming loose. (and Are They Good For Them), Types and Causes of Mass Wasting/Mass Movement of Rocks, What is Erosion? It can move freely with a blow of wind or flow of water. Landslides have been verified to result in destruction of property. Seismic activities have, for a long time, contributed to landslides across the globe.
Due to their looseness soil can easily travel from place to another. Landslides often block rivers and result in dangers of floods. (And Are They Still Growing), Why Do Animals Attack Humans (and Ways to Prevent it), Causes and Effects of Marine Habitat Loss, 35+ Outstanding Facts About the Planet Earth, Advantages and Importance of Reforestation, Five Different Atmospheric Layers of the Earth, Causes and Effects of Ozone Layer Depletion, Extraordinary Ways to Protect Coral Reefs, Causes and Effects to Environmental Pollution, Causes and Effects of Ocean Acidification. Weathering is the natural procedure of rock deterioration that leads to weak, landslide-susceptive materials. vi. It occurred in the year 2013 on June 16. World’s Largest Collection of Essays!
Required fields are marked *, All Rights Reserved Copyrights @ 2020 StudyToday.net. When sloped areas are completely saturated with water, landslides can occur.
While sliding down it takes all the items of the adjoining areas along with it. Can the effect of landslide be reduced? That’s when a landslide breaks loose. The reason for the landslide was heavy rains which also brought in soil erosion.
Sometimes these movements can be catastrophic. This technique is dangerous since it decimates the existing mechanical root structure of the area.
Due to the slope they face a movement downwards. Covering the land with impermeable membranes in order to prevent water infiltration in the landslide; Directing surface water sources away from the landslides; Draining ground water streams away from the landslides; Minimizing irrigation on the surface of the soil. Our mission is to provide an online platform to help students to discuss anything and everything about Essay. The force flow of mud, debris, and rocks as a result of a landslide can cause serious damage to property. A general reduction in precipitation leads to lowering of water table and reduction in overall weight of soil mass, reduced solution of materials and less powerful freeze-thaw activity. Publish your original essays now. Malpa landslide, Uttarakhand: between august 11 and august 17 in 1998 consecutive landslides occurred in the district of malpa. Landslides are among the many natural disasters causing massive destructions and loss of lives across the globe. This liquefied form slides down easily along slopes.
Till now whatever man has achieved is built on soil…be it tall structures, offices, bungalows, cars, trains. The annual loss as a result of landslides in U.S. stands at an estimated $1.5 billion. This type of landslide is categorized into five; earth flows, debris avalanche, debris flow, mudflows, and creep, which include seasonal, continuous and progressive.
Decimation of infrastructure.
Published by Experts, 9 Important Benefits that We Get from the Biodiversity. While landslides are considered naturally occurring disasters, human-induced changes in the environment have recently caused their upsurge. In hilly regions there are a variety of slopes.
Gravitational forces force these down the hills or mountains. Topple failure encompasses the forward spinning and movement of huge masses of rock, debris, and earth from a slope. For instance, Landslides in the UK that happened a few years ago caused rotation of debris that destroyed a school and killed over 144 people including 116 school children aged between 7 and 10 years. She loves writing on topics related to space, environment, chemistry, biology, geology and geography. Unfortunately over 380 people died and almost an entire village was washed away in the landslide. Vibrations emanating from the blasts can weaken soils in other areas susceptible to landslides. Effects of Landslides: i. Landslides are very harmful for life and property. Hence it needs to be binded properly to restrict its movement.
Any moment tectonic plates move, the soil covering them also moves along. The study of landslides is critical considering the annual economic losses they bring. To list a few are:-. Landslides affect poultry and agriculture of the region.
© 2020 . This severely affects the towns and villages that lie in the region. Falls landslides occur as a result of mechanical weathering, earthquakes, and force of gravity. The modern technology man built these days is of no use if we can’t stop the catastrophes that harms us only. No once a landslide starts, it can never be stopped abruptly in middle. What are the famous landslides that occurred till date? Earth Eclipse. This brings losses to the economy of a country.
Infrastructure such as roads, railways, leisure destinations, buildings and communication systems can be decimated by a single landslide. Among the social effects that can be described as: c Landslides are certainly cause damage to property.
The soil, debris, and rock sliding downhill can find way into rivers and block their natural flow. When earthquakes strike areas with steep slopes, on numerous occasion, the soil slips leading to landslides.
This pile of debris is known as a Talus cone. Landslides are devastating. Globally, landslides result in expenditure of billions of dollars towards rehabilitation of affected areas. Altering the slope gradient- steep slopes can be cut at various levels and filled to level and create a relatively plain land. Economic rehabilitation is also needed in the area that has experienced a landslide.
The soil collected in one terrain can be blocking by the next terrain and so on, and the effect of landslide can be reduced to a considerable amount. This rehabilitation involves massive capital outlay.
But yes if there are terraces made along the roof. Weathering is brought about by the chemical action of water, air, plants and bacteria. i.
Stratovolcano is a typical example of volcano responsible for most landslides across the globe.
Amboori landslide, Kerala: occurred in November 9th, 2001 this landslide is classified as the worst landslide in Kerala’s history. Around 40 people died in the incident and heavy rains were held responsible for the land shift.
Erosion caused by sporadic running water such as streams, rivers, wind, currents, ice and waves wipes out latent and lateral slope support enabling landslides to occur easily.
Slides occur when the toe of the slope is undercut. It is perhaps one of the most devastating landslides of India. How can we prevent such a catastrophe? These were some of the fatal landslides that occurred in India in the recent years and it took away the lives of many innocent people. Proper vegetation like crops and forests can bind the soil together. The figure does not include landslides caused by earthquakes. In addition, ashen debris flows instigated by earthquakes could also cause mass soil movement. When the ground becomes saturated, it can become unstable, losing its equilibrium in the long run. Content Guidelines 2. A landslide, sometimes known as landslip, slope failure or slump, is an uncontrollable downhill flow of rock, earth, debris or the combination of the three. The force flow of mud, debris, and rocks as a result of a landslide can cause serious damage to property. When the rocks are weak enough, they slip away causing landslides.
Your email address will not be published. When people are living down these hills or mountains, it’s usually just a matter of time before disaster happens. iv.
What are the Disabilities Affecting a Muslim in Inheriting Property? Thus the slope gradient will increase. They cause disruption of communication.
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