His first collection of poetry was published in 1911. Brooke's intensely sensual poetry, both classical and experimental, was typical of this period of cultural transition. With woodcut illustrations » 6 Aug 1921 » the Spectator Archive", "Help to design memorial to Rupert Brooke", "The Royal Naval Division War Memorial (1392454)", Richard Halliburton Papers: Correspondence, Schroder Collection (Rupert Brooke), Cambridge University Digital Library, Rupert Brooke profile and poems on Poets.org, Rupert Brooke at the Commonwealth War Graves Commission database, Rupert Brooke Correspondence and Writings, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Rupert_Brooke&oldid=983740242, Royal Naval Volunteer Reserve personnel of World War I, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the ODNB, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2019, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2020, Wikipedia articles with BIBSYS identifiers, Wikipedia articles with CANTIC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WorldCat identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, The opening two stanzas of his poem "Dust" were set to music by the pop group, In the fourth and final episode of the 2003 BBC series. He died at 4:46 pm on 23 April 1915, on the French hospital ship Duguay-Trouin, moored in a bay off the Greek island of Skyros in the Aegean Sea, while on his way to the landing at Gallipoli. He was one of three boys, with one elder brother and one younger brother. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. This biography of Rupert Brooke provides detailed information about his childhood, life, achievements, works & timeline Yet both in his rapture and dejection there is an element of bravado, “an immaturity of exuberance.” Possessing the sensuousness of Keats, he sang in Public School accents on his favorite themes, love and death. Enrolling in a course lets you earn progress by passing quizzes and exams. The Correspondence of Rupert Brooke and James Strachey, 1905–1914", "Committee Agenda Item: Borough Development – 16/09/2003. The son of the Rugby School's housemaster, Brooke excelled in both academics and athletics. He also belonged to another literary group known as the Georgian Poets and was one of the most important of the Dymock poets, associated with the Gloucestershire village of Dymock where he spent some time before the war. In 1912, he along with Edward Marsh, Walter Mare, John Masefield, and others compiled an anthology of the works of his peers titled ‘Georgian Poetry, 1911-1912’. He was a high-achieving university student, charismatic and popular in literary circles and beyond. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. He was born into a well-to-do-academic family. Contact Us Because of erosion in the open air, it was removed from the cemetery in 2008 and replaced by a more permanent marker. The friendships he made at school and university set the course for his adult life, and many of the people he met - including George Mallory - fell under his spell. His body was buried in Fosse 7 Military Cemetery (Quality Street), Mazingarbe.. Yet the actual quantity of his poetic output is small, and the intrinsic worth of his poetry as a whole is not very great. All other trademarks and copyrights are the property of their respective owners. While, and after studying, he established friendships with contemporaries and became a part of numerous literary groups including the Bloomsbury group, the Georgian Poets and the Dymock Poets. The English poet Rupert Brooke (1887-1915) was the poet-patriot hero of World War I. All rights reserved. Rupert Brooke, (born Aug. 3, 1887, Rugby, Warwickshire, Eng.—died April 23, 1915, Skyros, Greece), English poet, a wellborn, gifted, handsome youth whose early death in World War I contributed to his idealized image in the interwar period. In the sonnets he tries to convey to his readers how this oncoming war is a good sign for the changes to come, which wouldn’t be possible without it. Biography of Rupert Brooke Rupert Chawner Brooke (middle name sometimes given as "Chaucer;" 3 August 1887 – 23 April 1915) was an English poet known for his idealistic war sonnets written during the First World War, especially " The Soldier .” He died of septicemia on a hospital ship off Skyros and was buried in an olive grove on that island. Quote Of The Day | Top 100 Quotes, See the events in life of Rupert Brooke in Chronological Order, Rupert Brooke was an English poet who is widely known for his poem ‘The Soldier’, which was a part of five war sonnets. Brooke’s wartime sonnets, 1914 (1915), brought him immediate fame. GED Testing Centers: How Do I Find a GED Test Center Near Me? 's' : ''}}. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. In the sonnets, he wrote of how the war was a good thing, and that those who survived it would have a fresh new beginning. Rupert Brooke's father was a school housemaster, in Rugby, which was the town they lived in. He suffered a nervous breakdown and spent several months in rehabilitation trips to Germany. Rupert Brooke attended independent schools for his education, Hillbrow School, and Rugby School. The site was chosen by his close friend, William Denis Browne, who wrot… Rupert Brooke was born on Aug. 3, 1887, at Rugby, where his father was a master at the school. courses that prepare you to earn Already blessed with boyish good looks, he proved to be highly intellectual and extremely athletic and became quite known in the college. Brooke suffered a severe emotional crisis in 1912, caused by sexual confusion (he was bisexual) and jealousy, resulting in the breakdown of his long relationship with Ka Cox (Katherine Laird Cox). Rupert Brooke belonged to a literary group called the Georgian Poets, and he was part of the Dymocks Poets before the war. His best-known work is the sonnet sequence 1914. - with its ornate language and pastoral themes. . Rupert Brooke was born in Rugby, Warwickshire, England on 3rd August 1887, to William Parker Brooke and Ruth Mary Brooke. From 1909-1912, he lived in the village of Grantchester, near Cambridge. In February 1915 he headed out for Dardanelles with the British Mediterranean Expeditionary Force but the course of the expedition was changed mid-route. in July 1917 Field Marshal Edmund Allenby was informed of the death in action of his son Michael Allenby, leading to Allenby's break down in tears in public while he recited a poem by Rupert Brooke. He was one of three boys, with one elder brother and one younger brother. | Such poems, with their stirring idealism, were immensely comforting to the men and women trying to cope with personal losses and with loss on an unprecedented national scale.
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