, At Snipe, mortar and shellfire was constant all day long. Having assembled a powerful multinational Allied force, Montgomery unleashed his offensive on the night of 23 October with a spectacular artillery barrage. In January 1942 his forces started a new drive eastward along the North African coast to seize the Suez Canal.
El Alamein was an Allied victory, although Rommel did not lose hope until the end of the Tunisia Campaign. In 1942 a revived Axis effort saw Rommel defeat the British at Gazala and capture Tobruk.
The grim struggle that rolled back and forth across the North African desert from 1940 to 1943 resulted in the first major Allied victory of the Second World War.
Gen. Fritz Bayerlein, chief of staff of Rommel’s Afrika Korps, estimated that 80 percent of that…, The British infantry assault at el-Alamein was launched at 10:00. [...] In the Ariete we lost our oldest Italian comrades, from whom we had probably always demanded more than they, with their poor armament, had been capable of performing. Because of this info ‘Monty’ as nicknamed by his troops not only knew what Rommel’s battle strategy will be but also what the routes of his supply lines were. The division had left behind a panzergrenadier regiment which would bolster the Trieste Division which had been ordered forward to replace it.
In September, they dumped waste materials (discarded packing cases, etc.) The failure of the First Army in the run for Tunis in December 1942 led to a longer North African campaign which ended when the Italian-German forces in North Africa capitulated in May 1943. Fighting continued in this area for the next week, as the Axis tried to recover the small hill that was so important to their defence. Superior orders could no longer count. Rommel had been very pessimistic, especially after the First Battle of El Alamein, and knew that as US supplies were en route to Africa and Axis ships were being sunk in the Mediterranean, the Axis was losing a race against time. General Claude Auchinleck withdrew the Eighth Army to within 80 km (50 mi) of Alexandria where the Qattara Depression was 64 km (40 mi) south of El Alamein on the coast.
7th Motor Brigade set off at 01:15 on 3 November, but having received its orders late, had not had the chance to reconnoitre the battle area in daylight. , When it was discovered that neither Woodcock nor Snipe was in Eighth Army hands, 133rd Lorried Infantry Brigade was sent to capture them. An authority on the Australian army in the Second World War, he has previously published At the Front Line, Fighting the Enemy and That Magnificent 9th. The Axis supply line from Tripoli was extremely long and captured Allied supplies and equipment had been exhausted, but Rommel decided to advance into Egypt.
under camouflage nets in the northern sector, making them appear to be ammunition or ration dumps.
" The British took many prisoners, since the remnants of Italian infantry divisions were not motorised and could not escape from encirclement. In 1997, Martin van Creveld wrote that Rommel had been advised by the German and Italian staffs that his army could not properly be supplied so far from the ports of Tripoli and Benghazi. The First Battle of El Alamein had stopped the Axis from attacking deep into Egypt further. An Australian signaller wrote on 28 October: "Trig 29. , In 2005, Niall Barr wrote that the 36,939 Panzerarmee casualties, was an estimate because of the chaos of the Axis retreat.
The Australian 26th Brigade attacked at midnight, supported by artillery and 30 tanks of 40th Royal Tank Regiment. About 254 Axis guns were lost, along with 64 German and 20 Italian aircraft. El Alamein is a small town on the Egyptian coast, approximately 95 kilometres west of Alexandria. Casualties, particularly in the north, as a result of incessant artillery and air attack, had been severe.
Pandemonium and carnage ensued, resulting in the loss of over 500 Allied troops, and leaving only one officer among the attacking forces. Winston Churchill was convinced that the battle of El Alamein marked the turning point in the war and ordered the ringing of church bells all over Britain.  Rommel's arrival did boost German morale, though there was little he could do to change the course of the battle which was already well underway.. Currie waved his hand at a group of tanks around him and replied "There they are".  Rommel intended to fight a delaying action at Sidi Barrani, 80 mi (130 km) west of Matruh, to gain time for Axis troops to get through the bottlenecks at Halfaya and Sollum. The 24th Armoured Brigade started a little later and was soon in contact with the Rifle Brigade (having shelled them in error for a while). Rommel knew that the British Commonwealth forces would soon be strong enough to attack. By mid-July Rommel was still at El-Alamein, blocked, and had even been thrown on the defensive, thus ending the first battle.  The Second Battle of El Alamein (23 October – 11 November 1942) was a battle of the Second World War that took place near the Egyptian railway halt of El Alamein. While the Division's desperate defence of Trig 29 continued, many of its men continued to attack. With Dr Peter Stanley, the Memorial's Principal Historian, he has co-written Alamein: the Australian Story , which was launched at the Memorial on 23 October 2002, the 60th anniversary of the opening of the battle. While he was able to cement his image as a national hero, Montgomery’s conduct during the battle remains the subject of debate. The battle would result in a tactical stalemate but strategic Allied victory in that it halted the final a… When it became obvious to Rommel that there would be little chance to hold anything between El Daba and the frontier, his Panzers dissolved, disintegrated and turned tail, leaving the Italians to fight a rear-guard action..
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