cougar habitat

Its range spans from the Canadian Yukon to the southern Andes in South America, and is the widest of any large wild terrestrial mammal in the Western Hemisphere.It is an adaptable, generalist species, occurring in most American habitat types. Its range spans from the Canadian Yukon to the southern Andes in South America, and is the widest of any large wild terrestrial mammal in the Western Hemisphere. [92][93], In the southern part of South America, the cougar is a top level predator that has controlled the population of guanaco and other species since prehistoric times. [105] Hunting or relocation of the cougar may increase aggressive encounters by disrupting territories and bringing young, transient animals into conflict with established individuals. [5][6][7], Puma is the common name used in Latin America and most parts of Europe.
[152] This effect is attributed to the removal of older pumas that have learned to avoid people and their replacement by younger males that react differently to humans. Unlike several subordinate predators from other ecosystems, cougars do not appear to take advantage of spatial or temporal refuges to avoid their competitors. [101], Although capable of sprinting, the cougar is typically an ambush predator. In fact, there are over 40 names for cougar in the English language alone! [19] [28] Adult males are around 2.4 m (7.9 ft) long from nose to tail tip, and females average 2.05 m (6.7 ft), with overall ranges between 1.50 to 2.75 m (4.9 to 9.0 ft) nose to tail suggested for the species in general. Other threats to cougar populations include habitat loss and fragmentation and automobile accidents. [105] Copulation is brief but frequent. [103] Kitten survival rates are just over one per litter. Potential cougar habitat using the criteria favored by experts from DFW and the national forest. [65] California has actively sought to protect the cat and has an estimated population of 4,000 to 6,000. The scat was tested positive as being from a mountain lion. Mountain lions are carnivores and rarely attack humans. In both reports, sheep were the most frequently attacked. [33] The cat drags a kill to a preferred spot, covers it with brush, and returns to feed over a period of days. [35] Its most important prey species are various deer species, particularly in North America; mule deer, white-tailed deer, elk, and even bull moose are taken. One report describes a large pack of 7 to 11 wolves killing a female cougar and her kittens,[75] while in nearby Sun Valley, Idaho, a 2-year-old male cougar was found dead, apparently killed by wolf pack. [130] Preceding attacks on humans, cougars display aberrant behavior, such as activity during daylight hours, a lack of fear of humans, and stalking humans. It has five retractable claws on its forepaws (one a dewclaw) and four on its hind paws. All four confirmed cougar kills in Iowa since 2000 involved males. This website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website. The project aims at raising awareness of local people about the status and ecological role of the cougar, and mitigating conflict between landowners and cougars. Conservation Status. Research simulations showed that it faces a low extinction risk in areas, which are larger than 2,200 km2 (850 sq mi). The coat is variously described as sandy, tawny or greyish with brown, chestnut or "faded" rosettes. Culver et al. [88] The jaguar tends to take the larger prey where ranges overlap, reducing both the cougar's potential size and the likelihood of direct competition between the two cats.

Notwithstanding numerous reported sightings in Ontario, Quebec, New Brunswick and Nova Scotia, it has been said that the evidence is inconclusive as "there may not be a distinct 'eastern' subspecies, and some sightings may be of escaped pets.

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