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The proletariat was involved in armed class battles in Buenos Aires in January 1919; there were large-scale strikes in the city during the 1950’s and 1960’s. The development of a heavy industrial zone (now including meatpacking houses, a petrochemical complex, and a steel mill) between La Plata and the Río de la Plata led to the creation in 1957 of the separate localities of Ensenada and Berisso. One of the largest cities of Latin America, Buenos Aires is Argentina's chief port and its financial, industrial, commercial, and social center.

The city reported an 8.7% poverty rate in 2007, while the metropolitan area reported a poverty rate of 20.6%. Book your tickets online for the top things to do in Buenos Aires, Argentina on Tripadvisor: See 475,888 traveler reviews and photos of Buenos Aires tourist attractions. Besides the federal district, Greater Buenos Aires includes 18 suburbs. All maps, graphics, flags, photos and original descriptions © 2020 ), Minister of Oil and Minerals Amir al-Aidrous has returned home after taking part in the International Oil and Gas Industry Exhibition and Conference held in the. Located on the eastern edge of the Pampa, Argentina's most productive agricultural region, and linked with Uruguay, Paraguay, and Brazil by a great inland river system, the city is the distribution hub and trade outlet for a vast area. B. Primoli) and the town hall (1725-54) have survived from the 18th century.

Population, 7.7 million (1965 estimate). Administration. Nearby, at Ezeiza, is a large international airport. Architecture and city planning. The cathedral (completed 1804) is a well-known landmark containing the tomb of José de San Martín. The historical importance of its port, one of the world's busiest, has led the citizens of Buenos Aires to call themselves porteños [people of the port]. A new city, La Plata, was built as the provincial capital. History. La Plata, city, capital of Buenos Aires provincia (province), eastern Argentina. (2001) 563,943; (2010) 654,324. Corrections? In 1880 it was proclaimed the capital of the republic of Argentina. Buenos Aires is a modern city of great wealth. Nearly one-quarter of the people in this city are over the age of 60, while only 17% are under the age of 15. In 1617 the province of Buenos Aires, or Río de la Plata, was separated from the administration of Asunción and was given its own governor; a bishopric was established there in 1620. Meat and dairy products, hides, wool, flax, and linseed oil are the chief exports. Located on the eastern edge of the Pampa, Argentina's most productive agricultural region, and linked with Uruguay, Paraguay, and Brazil by a great inland river system, the city is the distribution hub and trade outlet for a vast area. Visit top-rated & … It is located 6 miles (9 km) inland from the southern shore of the Río de la Plata estuary. During the 19th and 20th centuries, the small houses of the colonial period were displaced by splendid, eclectic multistory structures, and then by buildings in the contemporary style. Argentine railroad construction in the second half of the 19th cent. In 1810, Buenos Aires led present-day Argentina to the Argentine War of Independence, gaining freedom six years later. bwā`nōs ī`rās), Dictionary, Encyclopedia and Thesaurus - The Free Dictionary, the webmaster's page for free fun content, ON SOME OBJECTIONS TO THE DEDUCTIVE CLOSURE OF LEGAL SYSTEMS, Joanne's cold start; In association with RBS, Historic school mansion salutes its first 100 years; We make sure any new buildings blend in, Mother of Courage - Argentina's Popular Saint, the Difunta Correa, Saudi Embassy in Argentina celebrates 88th National Day, Qatar Airways & Boca Juniors unveil new jersey, Qatar Airways announces partnership with Boca Juniors, Why violence is NOT the answer to our village pub quiz, Capital Springs Centennial State Recreation Area, capitalism and capitalist mode of production, Capitalism, Law of the Uneven Economic and Political Development of, Capital Metropolitan Transportation Authority. La Prensa and La Nación are daily newspapers famous throughout the Spanish-speaking world. The current population of the city proper is relatively unchanged since the middle of the 20th century when rural to urban migration slowed.

Buenos Aires is the country’s most important industrial center; over half of the country’s industrial proletariat and over half of the industrial output are concentrated here. Buenos Aires is one of the largest cities in South America, with a population of 3,447,000 (1968). : 13 349 000 (2005 est. (13,356,715 metro) Argentina Population: 42,610,981 (2013 est.) Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Bitterness between Buenos Aires and the province continued, however, until 1880, when the city was detached from the province and federalized. He went to Peru (1544) in the train of the first viceroy, Blasco Núñez Vela, and was active against Gonzalo Pizarro in the civil war...... Click the link for more information. The municipality is headed by the intendente, who is appointed by the president and to whom the entire staff of municipal employees and district intendentes is subordinated. By Amber Pariona on July 16 2019 in World Facts. the city ceased to be endangered by indigenous peoples, but French, Portuguese, and Danish raids were frequent. There are numerous monuments (including the monument to C. Alvear, 1915-23, sculptor E. A. Bourdelle; the monument to C. Columbus, marble, sculptor A. Zocchi)., the capital of Argentina, a major port and industrial city on the Río de la Plata estuary: became capital in 1880; university (1821). The museum, connected with the National University of La Plata (1897), houses one of the most important paleontological and anthropological collections in South America. This pattern has not been seen in the greater metropolitan area, however, which has experienced rapid population growth. During the 1960’s, tall residential buildings, the London and South American Bank (1966-67, architects C. Testa, Sanchez, and others), and a new university building were constructed. Buenos Aires, the most heavily industrialized city of Argentina, is a major food-processing center, with huge meatpacking and refrigeration plants and flour mills.

Present-day Buenos Aires was inhabited by indigenous peoples until Spanish explorers founded the city in 1536. The climate is mild. The imposing mansion was named after Belgrano, a fashionable suburb of Buenos Aires, Vallecito lies thirty-eight miles southeast of San Juan, the, Buenos Aires, Muharram 16, 1440, Sep 26, 2018, SPA -- Saudi Ambassador to Republic of Argentina Riyad bin Saud Al-Khunaini held a reception party to mark the occasion of the 88th National Day of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia in, We look forward to succeeding together and to celebrating the many exciting moments to come." It has a "very high" rating on the Human Development Index and a relatively high GDP per capita, with a considerable internal market size and a growing share of the high-tech sector. Prosperity increased with the gradual removal of restrictions on trade, which formerly had to pass through Lima, Peru. Argentina's official independence (July 9, 1816) was followed by a long conflict between the unitarians, strongest in Buenos Aires prov., who advocated a centralized government dominated by the city of Buenos Aires, and the federalists, mostly from the interior provinces, who supported provincial autonomy and equality.

Additionally, the city is home to the largest Jewish population in South America, with a size of 250,000 people. The La Pampa Plain makes up most of the province. The bourgeois sections of the city, with their luxurious private residences, are richly planted with trees and shrubs. During the 17th cent. Although Spain long neglected Buenos Aires in favor of the riches of Mexico and Peru, the settlement's growth was enhanced by the development of trade, much of it contraband. This city is known for its high quality of life. Buenos Aires has been the center of the country’s workers’ movement since the beginning of the 20th century.

Traders of the time, however, were penalized by the complexity of the approved trading routes (which benefitted Lima, Peru) and by the later part of the 19th century, began to promote the idea of independence from the Spanish crown. Shantytowns built on the city's margins remained through the 1950s. Buenos Aires is one of Latin America’s most important ports and most populous cities, as well as the national centre of commerce, industry, politics, culture, and technology. However, attacks by indigenous peoples forced the settlers in 1539 to move to Asunción (now the capital of Paraguay), and in 1541 the old site was burned. This is followed by 20% in the tourism and commerce sectors, 17% in the financial services and business sectors, 10% in the manufacturing sector, and 6% in public administration.

Buenos Aires has a university, technological institute, conservatory, and other educational institutions; there are 11 branch academies and many other scientific research institutions.

We have reviews of the best places to see in Buenos Aires. In 1853 the city and province of Buenos Aires refused to participate in a constituent congress and seceded from Argentina. The site was selected in 1882 by the provincial governor of Buenos Aires, Dardo Rocha, as the new provincial seat, a move made necessary when the city of Buenos Aires was federalized as the national capital (1880). Under the country’s constitution, the capital is governed by the president of Argentina. The main branches of industry are machine building (first and foremost, electrotechnical); oil refining; and chemical, food, and textile industries. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox.

Buenos Aires was founded in 1536 (according to other data, 1535) by the Spanish conquistador Pedro de Mendoza under the name Ciudad de la Santísima Trinidad y Puerto de Nuestra Señora de Santa María de los Buenos Aires—city of the Holy Trinity and port of the Holy Mother St. Mary of the good (fair) winds (that is, the patroness of sailors). 1501 or 1502, d. 1537, Spanish conquistador, first adelantado [civil and military governor] of Río de la Plata (present-day Argentina)...... Click the link for more information. Buenos Aires remained subordinate to the Spanish viceroy in Peru until 1776, when it became the capital of a newly created viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata, including much of present-day Argentina, Uruguay, Paraguay, and Bolivia. Name: Argentina (long form) Argentine Republic Capital City: Buenos Aires (2,891,082 pop.) Updates? The layout of Buenos Aires is based on a right-angle network of streets and the main square, which opens toward the Río de la Plata. On May 25, 1810 (now celebrated as a national holiday), armed citizens of the cabildo, or town council, successfully demanded the resignation of the Spanish viceroy and established a provisional representative government. The capital of Argentina is Buenos Aires, which is located along the southeastern shore of South America, along the Rio de la Plata. The population of Buenos Aires has a similar age structure to most of the urban areas throughout Europe. The soils are chernozems. The greater part of the country’s industrial production—particularly heavy industry (which is located primarily around the city of Buenos Aires and on the lower reaches of the Paraná River)—is concentrated here, as is about half of the country’s production from livestock breeding and nearly a third of its production from plant growing (including more than half of the harvest of grains).

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