15 cuirassés furent impliqués et 165 000 obus furent tirés.
By 16:15 on 9 July, Admiral Turner announced that Saipan was officially secured. the most important reason being the US felt that a strike to one of the central The Battle of Saipan was fought June 15 to July 9, 1944, during World War II (1939-1945) and saw Allied forces open a campaign in the Marianas. The Marine Corps 4th Division was charged with 8 July 1944. Essentially it was a valley surrounded by hills and cliffs under Japanese control. C'était essentiellement une vallée entourée de collines et de falaises sous contrôle japonais. De Mariannes, le Japon serait bien dans la gamme d'une offensive aérienne se fondant sur le nouveau Boeing B29 à longue portée bombardier avec son rayon d' action de 3250 milles (5230 km). Pendant la guerre, ses commandants lui avaient demandé de recevoir la médaille d'honneur pour ses actions; cependant, son prix initial était le Silver Star. Mais après que Tōjō n'a pas réussi à remanier son cabinet en raison d'une hostilité interne excessive, il a concédé sa défaite. For information about how to add references, see, Philip A. Crowl, Campaign in the Marianas, vol 9., United States Army in World War II, The War in the Pacific, Henry I. Shaw, Jr., Bernard C. Nalty, and Edwin T. Turnbladh, Central Pacific Drive, vol. La bataille de Saipan était une bataille de la campagne du Pacifique de la Seconde Guerre mondiale, menée sur l'île de Saipan dans les îles Mariannes du 15 juin au 9 juillet 1944. ". General Hideki Tōjō intercepted the order on 30 June 1944 and delayed its sending, but it went out anyway the next day. countryside were in deeper than they knew. Saito organized his troops into a line anchored on Mount Tapotchau in the defensible mountainous terrain of central Saipan. La flotte d'invasion alliée embarquant les forces expéditionnaires a quitté Pearl Harbor le 5 juin 1944, la veille du lancement de l' opération Overlord en Europe. Sur le sort des civils restants sur l'île, Saito a déclaré: "Il n'y a plus de distinction entre les civils et les troupes. It was crucial for the United States Military to have an airfield on the island Saipan because it was close enough to Japan for B-29 Superfortresses to bomb it. Il vaudrait mieux pour eux de se joindre à l'attaque avec des lances de bambou plutôt que d'être capturé." the island. children. At Saipan, the island nearest to Japan, U.S. forces could establish a crucial air base from which the U.S. Armys new long-range B-29 Superfortress bombers could inflict punishing strikes on Japans home islands ahead of an Allied invasion. To reinforce and supply their garrisons, they needed naval and air superiority, so Operation A-Go, a major carrier attack, was prepared for June 1944. Il a reçu le Purple Heart et a reçu une décharge médicale avec le rang de première classe privée en 1945. American, and all Allied, forces during World War II. Isely Field, filled with B-29 bombers, mid-1945. He is officially credited with capturing more than 1,000 Japanese prisoners during the battle.
There was also around 20,000 civilian deaths, some due to a mass suicide. provided air support along with heavy artillery fire from battleships off of
Little did they know that within a few short hours, they would be in one The Battle of Saipan, as it is called, was a turning point for American, and all Allied, forces during World War II. This left the Japanese holding the Philippines, the Caroline Islands, Palau Islands and Mariana Islands. place for his troops, General Y. Saito, as is tradition, had one last meal with Fifteen battleships were involved, and 165,000 shells were fired. This left the Japanese holding the Philippines, the Caroline Islands, Palau Islands and Mariana Islands. commented about this incredible sight, ?You just 6 July 1944, Marines take cover behind a M4 Sherman tank while clearing Japanese forces from the northern end of the island of Saipan. This allowed MacArthur to keep his personal pledge, made in his "I shall return" speech, to liberate the Philippines, and also allowed the active use of the large forces built up in the southwest Pacific theatre. Il mentionnait la perte quasi totale de tous les soldats et civils japonais sur l'île et l'utilisation de "balles humaines". Avec la capture de Saipan, l'armée américaine n'était plus qu'à 1 300 milles (1 100 milles marins; 2 100 km) des îles d'origine du Japon. The Japanese did their best However, the fierce resistance of these two battalions, as well as that of Headquarters Company, 105th Infantry, and supply elements of 3rd Battalion, 10th Marine Artillery Regiment resulted in over 4,300 Japanese killed. Again the Japanese counter-attacked at night. The loss of Saipan was a heavy blow to both the military and civilian administration of Japanese Prime Minister Hideki Tōjō. La méthode standard de déblaiement des soutes présumées consistait à utiliser des explosifs puissants et / ou explosifs additionnés de pétrole (p. Ex. had said. Pour sa bravoure et son sacrifice, le PFC Epperson a reçu à titre posthume la médaille d'honneur. attack on command. Unsatisfied with the progress made by the marines, Smith replaced the commander in charge of the marine forces. The naval force consisted of the battleships USS Tennessee and California. When his battalion came under attack from a much larger enemy force on 7 July, Lieutenant Colonel William O'Brien refused to leave the front lines even after being wounded, and continued to lead his men until being overrun and killed. , Weapons and the tactics of close quarter fighting also resulted in high civilian casualties. 25 500 militaires et 6 200 membres de la marine. Alors que la bataille s'est officiellement terminée le 9 juillet, la résistance japonaise persistait avec le capitaine Sakae Ōba et 46 autres soldats qui ont survécu avec lui lors de la dernière charge de banzai.
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The Battle of Saipan was a battle of the Pacific campaign of World War II, fought on the island of Saipan in the Mariana Islands from 15 June – 9 July 1944.
Initially, as the battle started, Japanese accounts concentrated on the fighting spirit of the IJA and the heavy casualties it was inflicting on American forces. Eleven fire support ships covered the Marine landings. L' USS Epperson (DD-719) , un gearing de destroyer , a été nommé en son honneur. He was awarded the Purple Heart and was given a medical discharge with the rank of Private First Class in 1945.  During the war, his commanders had requested that he receive the Medal of Honor for his actions; however, his initial award was the Silver Star. Le 18 juin, Saito a abandonné l'aérodrome. deaths. Quartier général de la flotte de la zone du Pacifique central (vice-amiral Chūichi Nagumo )
Il a reçu à titre posthume la médaille d'honneur le 9 mai 1945, pour ses actions tout au long de la bataille de Saipan. the Phillipine Sea on the other end of the island. According to one Japanese admiral: "Our war was lost with the loss of Saipan." From these latt… Historian David Bergamini considers this unlikely, writing that "half the staff of the palace [...] would have felt obliged to cut open their bellies if the sacred seals of the Throne had ever been misapplied.". When U.S. forces came to Saipan on June 15, 1944, the island’s strategic significance was clear: at just about 1,500 miles from Tokyo, it could serve as a staging ground for a full-on American attack on Japan. The Battle of Saipan was a battle of the Pacific campaign of World War II, fought on the island of Saipan in the Mariana Islands from 15 June to 9 July 1944.
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